World’s Second Largest Penguin

The king penguin takes this title with its 3-foot stature, second only to the large emperor penguin that is 4 feet tall. It lives in colonies numbering 10’s of thousands of pairs on various the sub-Antarctic islands.

This penguin’s main diet is fish, but it also eats some krill. Leopard seals are a constant danger to the penguin when it is in the cold Antarctic waters.

A king penguin pair does not build a nest, but incubate a single egg on their feet covered by a brood pouch on their belly. The couple takes turns with this process until the chick hatches about 55 days later. The chick takes a long time to fledge – about 15 months and is not able to breed until it is three to five years old. This results in a pair only able to raise two chicks in three years.

You might think that this is a recipe for a decline in this bird’s population, but it remains a large stable population with four to five million birds. In the 18 and 19 hundred’s people hunted the king penguin resulting in some colonies being eradicated, but the banning of commercial hunting helped them rebound. (Photograph from Empire of the Penguin exhibit at SeaWorld, Florida.)

3 comments on “World’s Second Largest Penguin

  1. I just met a woman Saturday who crewed a sailboat in the Medditeranian. She said they found a penguin and he or she came aboard and lived with them for three years. She came back to the States and the penguin was still living aboard. The penguin would swim with them and come back and wait to be helped back aboard. Interesting.


  2. Wow, very interesting. The one thing I’ve learned with all me experiences in the natural world is that oddities happen. I’ve seen European birds in North America, probably blown off course by ocean storms. It is very exciting to see such abnormalities. Thanks for sharing. Gary


  3. I love your blog – very interesting information and great photos. Thank you for the follow.


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