My adorable wife Anne comes through the front door excitedly and announces that there are caterpillars on our milkweed plants, but they are not monarchs. She tells me they look similar but seem to be another species.
I follow her to the corner of our house where a sickly milkweed plant is struggling to survive after it was nearly completely devoured by monarch caterpillars a few weeks earlier. She lifts the leaves to show me three tiny caterpillars munching on the leaves. I agree that it is not a monarch, snap a few pictures and come in the house to research what it could be.
It did not take me long to discover that the caterpillars were queen butterfly larvae that eat milkweeds just like monarchs do. After all, they are related.
We checked on the caterpillars the next day and it is amazing how fast these caterpillars grow. One was not looking great. The back half of it was turning black probably from some virus or parasite. We brought the two remaining caterpillars into the safety of a butterfly “cage” with some milkweed so that I can photograph the chrysalids the caterpillars will form to turn into butterflies.
To be continued…
I have observed egrets for decades. I have seen them hunting in saltwater marshes, freshwater wetlands as well as in the shallows of ponds and streams. To my surprise I saw a snowy egret wading in the ocean waves lapping the shore where it ate small fish caught in the surf at Cocoa Beach in Florida. I have never seen egrets in the Atlantic surf on Long Island where I grew up nor have I seen these birds in the waves on the rocky beaches of the Island’s north shore.
Yes, many people will probably tell me how they see egrets on the beach all the time. But I have learned over the decades that you can never be too old or too experienced to see behaviors that are new to you. And this is what makes nature so exciting and continues to beckon me to see new things in retirement.
In pine barren wetlands, on New York’s Long Island, where black gum and red maple trees dominate the landscape, a mother wood duck calls to her ducklings from the edge of a small pond. The ducklings are only a day old and covered in down. They are still in the nesting cavity of an old red maple tree, 30 feet high where mom laid 12 creamy white eggs a month earlier.
One by one the ducklings climb up the inside of the tree cavity, poke their heads out and bravely jump, tumbling down, crashing through branches until they hit the ground. They are so agile, they are uninjured by the fall. Each duckling finds its way to mom until they are all together when they swim with her eating aquatic plants and insects.
Wood duck populations declined drastically in the late 1800’s and into the early 1900’s but has made a comeback and their numbers are secure.
The ducklings will face many challenges as they grow. Snapping turtles, alligators, snakes and hawks will eat many of them, but enough will survive for the species to sustain its current levels.
One of my fondest memories is being greeted by the calls of boat-tailed grackles at the Florida welcome center after driving nearly a thousand miles from New York. The calls along with the warm Florida sunshine signified an escape from the cold wintry weather of the north and the start of our family vacation.
Boat-tailed grackles are a coastal species endemic to Florida and along the Atlantic Seaboard from Georgia to New England. It is omnivorous – it eats seeds, fish, snails, berries and insects.
Recently, I observed one in the surf of Cocoa Beach, Florida where it walked in the wash of the incoming waves plucking small fish and other sea life from the salty water. These grackles also like cookies, chips and other snacks that they steal from unsuspecting sunbathers’ bags when they are not looking.
I have also seen these birds forage along the edges of freshwater lakes here in Florida where it wades in the shallow water to eat tadpoles, shrimp and aquatic insects.
Though I now live in Florida and see and hear these birds every day, it still brings back fond memories of our visits to Florida.
Venture out any evening in the warmer months in Florida and you are likely to see slugs slithering at a snail’s pace on the sidewalk, on the house and on the plants.
One species is the Florida leatherleaf slug. It was formerly native to the Caribbean and southern Florida but has expanded its range throughout Florida and is now found in Louisiana, Texas and Mexico.
It seeks shelter by day by burrowing into the leaf litter and emerges in the evening to eat plants so they can be a nuisance in your garden. Toads and some birds eat these, but a voracious predator is the rosy wolf snail. The wolf snail follows the slimy trails left behind by the slug and when it catches up, it will eat the slug. (See “The Flesh Eating Beast at Arbor Lakes” on this site.)
Anytime I go out at night, I always watch where I step because these slugs are everywhere. Yet, I have not seen damage to the plants in my yard so I tolerate these slimy creatures.
Walking along a wooden walkway that leads to an Atlantic Ocean beach, 8-inch stocky lizards scurry and dart through the slats of the wooden railing. I stop and look over the railing to get a better view of the lizard. This creature was standing with its feet in the sand under a grove of sea grapes with a distinctive curled tail.
This species was imported from the Caribbean in the 1940’s by the sugar cane industry to control insect pests. It has since expanded its range in Florida from the Palm Beach area and is now a self-sustaining breeding species especially along the east side of the Florida peninsula. This lizard has a voracious appetite for insects and as far as I am concerned the more roaches it eats, the better.
Little is known about its impact to native species, but it may out-compete native lizard species.
On a walk from the beachfront to the hotel room, I see one of the curly tailed lizards sunning itself on the railing of the boardwalk and begin to snap pictures of it. When I get closer it scurries away curling its tail which is a distraction for predators that may want to eat it for dinner.
This east Asian duck nests in eastern Russia and northern China. It winters in southeast Asia including parts of India, south China and Vietnam. This duck’s prime habitats are lakes, ponds, wetlands and lagoons within forests where it dines on shore plants, aquatic vegetation, seeds and the occasional mollusk. Due to high levels of hunting for food in China, this species has been classified as near threatened globally.